Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

The radiation oncologists at Fox Chase Cancer Center specialize in treating prostate cancer using the latest radiation therapies. Radiation therapy is often selected as primary treatment for both localized (cancer confined to the prostate) and locally advanced prostate cancer (cancer has spread within the region but has not reached the lymph nodes), depending on several key factors, including your stage of prostate cancer.

Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells and may be given in combination with chemotherapy if you are unable to tolerate surgery or in combination with chemotherapy and surgery.

  • External beam radiation therapy delivers the radiation from a machine outside the body. Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) is the most advanced external beam radiotherapy available. Fox Chase physicians pioneered the state-of-the-art treatments available today, including IMRT and brachytherapy.
  • 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy, or 3D-CRT, a type of external beam radiation therapy developed at Fox Chase to precisely target tumors and avoid healthy tissue, may offer a better outcome for some patients with prostate cancer.

After radiation therapy, chemotherapy and/or hormone therapy may be recommended for patients with larger or more aggressive tumors because of the high risk that the cancer has spread outside the prostate.