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Men whose cancer is confined to the prostate rarely have any symptoms. Screening tests for prostate cancer can include:
If initial screening techniques suggest that a further assessment is warranted, then the next step is a biopsy, in which your doctor will remove very small samples of prostate tissue for analysis. This is not a major procedure and can be done as an outpatient usually with a local anesthetic in the doctor’s office. The doctor typically takes 12 samples (or “cores”) from different parts of the prostate, and the whole process takes about 10 minutes. It is normal to find some blood in the urine, stool, or semen in the week or so following the biopsy. While infections aren’t common, you will receive antibiotics before the procedure takes place to reduce any risk.