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In Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer Risk, Less May be More

April 13, 2017

PHILADELPHIA (April 13, 2017) – Genetics experts from Fox Chase Cancer Center are calling for more caution around how doctors assess genetic testing information for patients’ genetic predisposition to breast cancer risk. In an editorial appearing online in JAMA Oncology, Elias Obeid, MD, MPH, Michael Hall, MD, MS, and Mary Daly, MD, PhD, reviewed a new study by researchers at another institution, and praised it for identifying several genes that are currently tested, but which may lead to confusing or inconclusive guidance for breast cancer patients.

“The most important finding of this research is the lack of association identified between some of the moderate-risk genes that appear on breast cancer multigene panel tests and breast cancer risk,” they write. The concern is that, while testing women with breast cancer for a wide range of genetic mutations has become a routine part of medical care, and is helpful, in some instances the information the tests uncover might not benefit some patients and could be a source of uncertainty to the patient or her doctors.

The authors are supportive of genetic testing, writing that it can, “guide patients and health care professionals in planning cancer surgery, chemotherapy treatment, screening, and prevention.” But they conclude that further studies should determine more conclusively whether several genes currently tested, but identified as moderate and low risk, are significantly associated with cancer. If not, the group believes they can safely be excluded from most multigene panel tests for women with breast cancer.

They would also like to see better research studies that would improve the understanding of how clinicians can help patients manage risks uncovered by newly widespread genetic testing.

       

The Hospital of Fox Chase Cancer Center and its affiliates (collectively “Fox Chase Cancer Center”), a member of the Temple University Health System, is one of the leading cancer research and treatment centers in the United States. Founded in 1904 in Philadelphia as one of the nation’s first cancer hospitals, Fox Chase was also among the first institutions to be designated a National Cancer Institute Comprehensive Cancer Center in 1974. Fox Chase researchers have won the highest awards in their fields, including two Nobel Prizes. Fox Chase physicians are also routinely recognized in national rankings, and the Center’s nursing program has received the Magnet recognition for excellence four consecutive times. Today, Fox Chase conducts a broad array of nationally competitive basic, translational, and clinical research, with special programs in cancer prevention, detection, survivorship and community outreach. 
For more information, call 1-888-FOX CHASE or (1-888-369-2427).