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Testicular Cancer Diagnosis

Typically, testicular cancer is initially identified because of a lump or swelling of the testicle, but some testicular cancers may not cause any symptoms until they are more advanced. It can also be found as a result of tests for another condition.

Initial diagnostic tests include:

  • Physical examination of the testes and the surrounding lymph nodes and tissues
  • Ultrasound
  • Blood tests for tumor markers
  • Biopsy (to obtain a tissue sample)

Imaging tests can also determine whether the cancer has spread beyond the testicles or whether treatment has been effective. These tests may include:

  • Ultrasound
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
  • Bone scan

Fox Chase Cancer Center radiologists and pathologists who specialize in reviewing testicular tissue can diagnose the type and stage of cancer.

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