Typically, testicular cancer is initially identified because of a lump or swelling of the testicle, but some testicular cancers may not cause any symptoms until they are more advanced. It can also be found as a result of tests for another condition.
Initial diagnostic tests include:
- Physical examination of the testes and the surrounding lymph nodes and tissues
- Blood tests for tumor markers
- Biopsy (to obtain a tissue sample)
Imaging tests can also determine whether the cancer has spread beyond the testicles or whether treatment has been effective. These tests may include:
- Computed tomography (CT) scan
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
- Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
- Bone scan
Fox Chase Cancer Center radiologists and pathologists who specialize in reviewing testicular tissue can diagnose the type and stage of cancer.